# [Rasch] Fw: Interval or nominal

Parisa Daftari Fard pdaftaryfard at yahoo.com
Tue Aug 16 09:30:54 EST 2011

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Dear Rasch members

I guess I am a bit confusing. Let me explain the situation more. In all research on Speech act, several examinees give answers to a questionnaire. Their replies are rated on a scale (for example from zero to 3). This means that the responses are rated because always 3 means the response is better. In this research there is noexaminees but a questionnaire. These raters are to say their idea about the appropriacy of the response to that situation. This makes the questionnaire look like a multiple choice.

If I run Facet on such a data, I will have an item measure table in which some of the items are reported as very difficult (misfit) not because the raters do not agree on their rating but because the answer to that item was 1 (very unsatisfactory). I guess this is not real misfit but the function of rating score. That is if the option "very unsatisfactory" was coded as 5, the item might not be reported as a difficult item.

I hope this time I am able to explain the situation. Because this is a PhD dissertation of my friend, I hope to have your help and comments that if we are correct to use facet for such a rating situation or not.

Best,
Parisa
Dear Rasch Members,
>
>Greetings,
>
>I have faced a complex situation and I hope to have your kind decisive comments. In a paper we are trying to investigate the possible bias of some native speakers answering a questionnaire on speech act. In that questionnaire, there are several situations and only one answer for each situation. Raters need to rate each response to that situation on five options likert scale  with 1 = very unsatisfactory, 2 = unsatisfactory, 3 = somehow appropriate, 4 = appropriate, and 5 = most appropriate.
>
>for example,
>1.   While eating in a restaurant, you notice an insect in your food. What would you say to complain to the waiter?
>
>Answer:Hey man, come here. What the hell is it? Where on the earth do you cook your food?
>1. very unsatisfactory  2. unsatisfactory  3. somehow appropriate  4. appropriate  5. most appropriate
>
>or
>
>1.      The teacher gave you a lower-than-expected grade in your exam. What would you say to complain?
>
>Answer:Excuse me, something might have been wrong. It’s not my grade, sir.
>1. very unsatisfactory  2. unsatisfactory  3. somehow appropriate  4. appropriate  5. most appropriate
>
>The problem here is that the possible answer to some of the questions is 2, for some questions is 3,  for some other is 5 and the like. Of course, native speakers (raters) are the norms and there is no wrong or correct answer to each question. What we are trying to see is the way different native speakers from different cultures approach the appropriacy of the answer to that specific situation (bias and variation)
>
>My Question is that What kind of scoring is this? nominal, ordinal or interval?
>My second question is that is it possible to search for possible Bias in this type of research through Facet?
>Best,
>Parisa Daftarifard
>
>
>
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