<html xmlns:v="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml" xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" xmlns:w="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" xmlns:m="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/2004/12/omml" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40"><head><META HTTP-EQUIV="Content-Type" CONTENT="text/html; charset=us-ascii"><meta name=Generator content="Microsoft Word 12 (filtered medium)"><style><!--
/* Font Definitions */
@font-face
        {font-family:"MS Mincho";
        panose-1:2 2 6 9 4 2 5 8 3 4;}
@font-face
        {font-family:"MS Mincho";
        panose-1:2 2 6 9 4 2 5 8 3 4;}
@font-face
        {font-family:Calibri;
        panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4;}
@font-face
        {font-family:"\@MS Mincho";
        panose-1:2 2 6 9 4 2 5 8 3 4;}
/* Style Definitions */
p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal
        {margin:0in;
        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
        font-size:11.0pt;
        font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";}
a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
        {mso-style-priority:99;
        color:blue;
        text-decoration:underline;}
a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
        {mso-style-priority:99;
        color:purple;
        text-decoration:underline;}
p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
        {mso-style-priority:34;
        margin-top:0in;
        margin-right:0in;
        margin-bottom:10.0pt;
        margin-left:.5in;
        font-size:12.0pt;
        font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";}
p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
        {mso-style-priority:34;
        mso-style-type:export-only;
        margin-top:0in;
        margin-right:0in;
        margin-bottom:0in;
        margin-left:.5in;
        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
        font-size:12.0pt;
        font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";}
p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
        {mso-style-priority:34;
        mso-style-type:export-only;
        margin-top:0in;
        margin-right:0in;
        margin-bottom:0in;
        margin-left:.5in;
        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
        font-size:12.0pt;
        font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";}
p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
        {mso-style-priority:34;
        mso-style-type:export-only;
        margin-top:0in;
        margin-right:0in;
        margin-bottom:10.0pt;
        margin-left:.5in;
        font-size:12.0pt;
        font-family:"Arial","sans-serif";}
span.EmailStyle17
        {mso-style-type:personal-compose;
        font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
        color:windowtext;}
.MsoChpDefault
        {mso-style-type:export-only;}
@page WordSection1
        {size:8.5in 11.0in;
        margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in;}
div.WordSection1
        {page:WordSection1;}
/* List Definitions */
@list l0
        {mso-list-id:693581233;
        mso-list-type:hybrid;
        mso-list-template-ids:-983922778 -273009600 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
@list l0:level1
        {mso-level-text:"\(%1\)";
        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
        mso-level-number-position:left;
        text-indent:-.25in;}
@list l0:level2
        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
        mso-level-number-position:left;
        text-indent:-.25in;}
@list l0:level3
        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
        mso-level-number-position:left;
        text-indent:-.25in;}
@list l0:level4
        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
        mso-level-number-position:left;
        text-indent:-.25in;}
@list l0:level5
        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
        mso-level-number-position:left;
        text-indent:-.25in;}
@list l0:level6
        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
        mso-level-number-position:left;
        text-indent:-.25in;}
@list l0:level7
        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
        mso-level-number-position:left;
        text-indent:-.25in;}
@list l0:level8
        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
        mso-level-number-position:left;
        text-indent:-.25in;}
@list l0:level9
        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
        mso-level-number-position:left;
        text-indent:-.25in;}
ol
        {margin-bottom:0in;}
ul
        {margin-bottom:0in;}
--></style><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
<o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1026" />
</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
<o:shapelayout v:ext="edit">
<o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1" />
</o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--></head><body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple><div class=WordSection1><p class=MsoNormal>Dear Rasch professionals:<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal>I have a question for you.&nbsp; I hope you can help me with this matter.&nbsp; My question is about how to calibrate items, persons (i.e., ratee), and raters using FACETS on performance rating data, although the data are not connected.<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal>For the sake of argument, I describe the situation less complicated.&nbsp; The dataset I analyze includes resident performance data on their professionalism/communication skills, which were collected from 12 independent resident programs.&nbsp; Across all programs, 72 residents&#8217; performance scores were provided by their respective attending physicians (n = 171) using a 20-item performance rating instrument.&nbsp; Because no residents or attending physicians belonged to more than one resident program, both facets were completed nested within resident programs.&nbsp; In other words, there were no connections of performance rating data across 12 resident programs. <o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal>Given this condition, what I would like to do is to place resident abilities, item difficulties, and attending physicians&#8217; severity/leniency on the same scale so that resident performance levels in particular can be comparable across 12 resident programs.<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal>The website (<a href="http://www.rasch.org/rn3.htm"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none'>http://www.rasch.org/rn3.htm</span></a> ) explains solutions under 13.3.1 Connecting final data saying, &#8220;Either the tasks are &#8216;said to be alike&#8217; or the people are &#8216;said to be alike&#8217;&quot;.<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal> <o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal>So, my questions would be:<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>(1)<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"'>What should I do for my specific case, if I follow the solution, &#8220;the tasks are &#8216;said to be alike&#8217;&#8221;?&nbsp; Does that mean that I fix item difficulties of the 20 items, and calibrate resident ability and attending physician leniency/severity for each of 12 programs?<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>(2)<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"'>Could you explain what to do, if I follow the solution, &#8220;the people are &#8216;said to be alike&#8217;&quot;?&nbsp; In my view, because residents or attending physicians do not belong to more than one program, I have difficulty in understanding this instruction.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>(3)<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"'>Is there any other way to achieve my analysis goal?&nbsp; <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal>Thank you very much in advance.<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal>Kenji Yamazaki<o:p></o:p></p></div></body></html>